Project general information
Project: Validation of innovative energy efficient calcium looping technology for decarbonization of fossil fuel-intensive industrial applications - INNOCAL
Finaciar support: Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS - UEFISCDI through PED programme
Project code: PN-III-P2-2.1-PED-2019-0181
Contract number: 474PED/2020
Period: 2020 - 2022
Climate change and energy are inter-related issues with paramount importance in the modern society considering the continuous increasing of global energy consumption and the challenges in limiting the greenhouse gas emissions (mainly CO2) coming from fossil energy sources. The fossil fuels are predicted to remain the main energy carriers for many industrial applications in the decades to come; accordingly the development and large scale deployment of innovative low carbon energy efficient conversion technologies is an important aspect to be considered. The main aim of this project is to propose and then to validate experimentally at a TRL of 4, an innovative CO2 capture technology based on Calcium Looping (CaL) for energy efficient decarbonization of industrial processes. In this respect two energy-intensive industrial processes extremely relevant for the Romanian economy are to be evaluated as illustrative cases: combustion-based heat & power generation and cement production.
The project proposes an innovative calcium looping concept and a CaL laboratory demonstrator which will be evaluated using both experimental and computational methods in order to validate and optimize this technology at a TRL of 4 as required in the call. A particular accent is put on the evaluation of various process conditions and sorbent characteristics in order to optimize the carbon capture rate and energy consumption of the calcium looping process used for post-combustion CO2 capture. The validated CaL experimental results will be then incorporated in detailed techno-economic and environmental impact (done by Life Cycle Analysis - LCA) evaluations of decarbonized combustion-based power generation and cement production processes. The main outcomes of the project will be the laboratory validation and optimization of CaL technology and screening the main techno-economic and environmental performances of this innovative post-combustion CO2 capture method integrated in various processes.
Coordinator: Universitatea Babes-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca, Romania (UBB)
Partner: Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti, Romania (UPB)
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